7 most beautiful European cathedrals that you should definitely see
While the world community is discussing how much time (and effort) is needed to restore the French relics – Notre-Dame de Paris or Notre-Dame de Paris, which was damaged during the recent fire, we decided to find other equally majestic and important cathedrals in Europe that are definitely deserve your attention. You just have to choose the direction and decide where you go first. Or, perhaps, you will create your own unique route, allowing you to cover all these (and not only) religious places.
Basilica of Notre-Dame-de-Nice, France
This largest church in Nice, the construction of which began back in 1864, is called a reduced copy of Notre Dame de Paris. A snow-white building with a golden finish, decorated in neo-Gothic style with two square towers 65 meters high, pointed arches and a huge rose window, looks very impressive and impressive. Inside the restored basilica, distinguished by excellent acoustics, unique stained glass windows made by the best French masters of the 19th century, a copy of Bartolomé Murillo’s “Holy Family” and the statues of the Virgin Mary in the chapel deserve special attention.
St. Peter’s Cathedral, Italy
This is one of the most revered shrines and the most popular destination for not only pilgrims, but also tourists. It is the center of the Roman Catholic religion and is the second largest Christian church in the world. The building, the construction of which for many centuries was attended by the most prominent architects, is located on St. Peter’s Square in the Vatican, so if you are planning a trip to Rome, then be sure to visit this landmark. The cathedral itself is astounding by its scale; inside, for example, its length is 186 meters, the height in the central nave is 45 meters, and with the dome, all 119 meters. The interior decoration definitely deserves to consider every detail and element of decor for hours. So, for example, on the red porphyry slab of the Main Portal, where the altar used to be, Pope Leo III at Christmas 800 laid the crown of the Roman emperor on the head of Charlemagne, in the first chapel of the right side nave the great creation of Michelangelo is still (the sculptural group ” Pieta ”, created at the request of the French Cardinal Jean Bieler de Lagrole), and in the fourth pillar to the right you can find an amazing bronze statue of a seated St. Peter (XIII century), whose right foot is polished with kisses of believers.
Cologne Cathedral, Germany
This third largest gothic cathedral in the world, whose height reaches 157 meters in height, is a true symbol of Cologne. Despite the fact that its official name is the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Mary, but locals and tourists simply refer to it as Cologne Cathedral. The magnificent building, where the department of the Archbishop of Cologne is located, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996. Today, the cathedral boasts an incredible interior, also designed in the Gothic style. There are two chairs, one of which is intended for the Pope, and the second for the emperor, which no one can occupy during his service. The Golden Sarcophagus, the cancer of the Three Kings, keeps the relics of the three wise men who brought gifts to the newborn Jesus Christ in Bethlehem, are also popular not only among pilgrims, but also among tourists who come to Cologne every year to see this magnificence with their own eyes.
Reims Cathedral, France
The spectacular Gothic cathedral in Reims, the construction of which began in 1211, is one of the most famous not only in France, but also abroad. From the early Middle Ages to the 19th century, this building was the place of the coronation of almost all French monarchs, during the First World War it was seriously damaged, and after it was restored, but lost some of its original stained glass windows and sculptures. Now the facades of the cathedral are decorated with 2303 statues, among which the most famous is the so-called “smiling angel”, which has become one of the symbols of the city. In 1991, this striking example of Gothic architecture and the symbol of the most important events in European history were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
St. Vitus Cathedral, Czech Republic
The temple, which adorns the historic center of the Czech capital, can surely be called one of the most famous protracted buildings in Europe. The project was started by the well-known Flemish architect Matthias from Arras, then, after his death, the process went to the German specialist Peter Parler who also owns Charles Bridge and the Church of All Saints in the capital. However, he did not even have time to carry out his plans, but he completed only a part of the transept and the choir. His sons completed the south side of the temple and part of the tower. In the XV – XVI centuries, the work was continued by the architects B. Reith and B. Wolmut.