Archaeological Park Museum
Having run “short” in Naples, we got to the famous Pompeii. Now it is an archaeological park-museum under the open sky, protected by UNESCO, and in deep antiquity it is a thriving metropolis and a large port of the Roman Empire.
By the time of the most powerful eruption in the year 79 (100 thousand Hiroshim!), Vesuvius “was silent” for about 2 thousand years. Earthquakes, of course, were: from the latter, in the year 62, Pompeii suffered significantly and did not fully recover.
But the eruption of the volcano as a phenomenon, people did not know, and even the words for its name was not. Therefore, although Vesuvius honestly warned about the disaster with both aftershocks and a thin stream of smoke, the reaction of the Pompeians was inadequate: people simply could not imagine the consequences. The eruption was not instantaneous, it went to the tragic finale for 2 days, but for this reason there were many victims: from 2 to 10 thousand inhabitants (according to different sources) of the 20 thousandth city. And Pompeii themselves, buried under a 6-meter layer of ash, pumice and dirt, disappeared from the face of the earth. And only in the 16th century they were accidentally discovered and began to dig.
Such is the background, which is already impressive. But much more I was struck by the level of civilization and life in seemingly backward ancient times!
The roads, these famous roman roads, are still alive! And even – with pedestrian crossings: stones, bumps above the pavement helped to cross the street, incl. and flooded with water. At the same time, large distances between them ensured the passage of carts.
At the Forum, the main square of Pompeii, not only the Basilica and the Temples (Jupiter, Appolon, Larov, Vespasian) were located, but also the municipal buildings, the granary, the market (by the way, with measures and scales control) and the voting building – comicia. It is from this Latin word that all “committees” and “commissions” went.
And yet, unlike most of our squares, the Pompey Forum had … a public toilet with flushing running water!
There were money changers along the road from the port to the city – currency exchange was common. Money in the empire went in coins: from copper aces to gold aureas. There was also such a valuable coin, the name of which in our time puzzles: staphylococcus!
When the money changers broke down, they turned the tables, and it was from this action that the modern word “bankrupt” originated …
Amphitheater, theaters, terms – the city knew a lot not only in production, trade, but also entertainment! I was amazed to learn about the presence of the services of prostitutes, skirmishes, battles of fans … gladiatorial fights and graffiti – the current source of information about the then life …
But the typical manor of a well-to-do citizen killed me. With the knowledge that, to the level of the life of Pompey, already dead in the year 79, we still have to grow and grow!
Premises for the owners (by the way, closest to the exit, as the most valuable in the family), their children, elderly parents and slaves – everything had a place! A guest room, a fountain in the courtyard, the library-study of the owner, an inner garden, and everywhere – frescoes, murals, mosaic floors!
By the way, the free morals of Rome were reflected in the eroticism of many of Pompey’s frescoes, which, after the excavations, were not shown publicly as contrary to the moral foundations of society.
I am not a fan of ancient archeology: I do not know how to see the beautiful past in modern ruins. But there are places whose aura affects the deep nature of man, striking the imagination! Pompeii is just such a case.
And if, like us, the guide “from God” will enhance magic with his fascinating story, Pompeii will definitely give you spiritual delight and pleasure! What I sincerely wish everyone!